Ketones are acids that are produced when the body begins to burn fat to produce energy, instead of carbohydrates (or glucose). In this article I will discuss ketones in urine means men.
Ketone is a byproduct of fat breakdown. If you have diabetes, glucose and ketones accumulate in the blood, the kidneys filter it out and throw together urine, this causes sugar and ketone to be in the urine (ketonuria).
Ketones are strong acids including beta-hydroxybutyric acid, acetic acid, and acetone. They accumulate in the body and can cause diabetic ketoacidosis, which is characterized by fruit/acetone-smelling breath.
The meaning of positive ketone is that your urine is normal, does not have ketones secreted by the kidneys.
Ketones in Urine Means 1+
If ketone is positive 1 (+) that is, you should drink more fluids and take a quick insulin correction dose. If you are unsure about how much insulin should be taken to reduce blood glucose, you can consult a doctor or review sick day management.
ketones in urine 2+
You can discuss the results of your urine ketone with a health professional.
- Follow the rules of management 6 days sick
- Ensure adequate fluid intake
- Consider giving insulin an extra short work
- Re-test blood glucose and ketone within 1 hour
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If there is a ketone in the urine, what to do?
The above factors should be discussed with your health nurse on subsequent visits if ketones are present in small quantities.
If there is a moderate to a large amount (between 30-80 mg / dL), then you should immediately contact the health nurse as this can be serious. Let anyone who answers the phone know that the situation is urgent.
The value of ketones is the huge meaning you can get to the emergency room quickly. DON’T DRIVE YOURSELF! (Ketone Above 80 mg / dL)
Standalone action if your ketone levels are small while waiting for your nurse to arrive, or if unable to contact your healthcare provider.
Here are the safe and secure steps:
- Drink plenty of water to ‘wash’ the ketones. At least 1 glass every 30 minutes.
- Avoid strenuous physical activity.
- Drink more water.
- Check your blood glucose every 3-4 hours.
- Drink more water.
- If your blood sugar is above 13.3 mmol/l (240 mg/dl) continue to test ketones.
- Drink more water.
ketones in urine in pregnancy
It can be noted that low ketone levels (positive 1 +) do not affect the fetus, but moderate ketone levels (positive 2 ++) to high (positive 3 +++ or 4 +++) can pose a threat to the fetus and may also indicate gestational diabetes.
Several studies have shown that babies born to mothers who have high ketones have a low RISK of IQ and learning disabilities in the future.
Causes of ketone pregnant women
Various factors cause the presence of urine ketone during your pregnancy, and those factors are listed below:
- You’re dehydrated.
- A poor diet or an un-nutritious diet can cause your body to break down fat, not carbohydrates for energy.
- It’s possible that you don’t get enough calories from food or space-time between meals may be too long.
- Another possibility is that you may miss a meal or snack. You should take care to eat in time to avoid ketones and other problems, especially during pregnancy.
- Some natural signs of pregnancy, such as nausea, vomiting can also put you at risk of developing ketones.
- Fasting during pregnancy.
When you suffer from severe vomiting and nausea or you suffer from weight loss during pregnancy, your doctor can check the ketones in the urine.
If your ketone readings are high, you may need medication and intravenous fluids.
If ketones are found to have been associated with blood sugar, this causes gestational diabetes.
Tips to prevent ketone during pregnancy
- To prevent Ketone during Pregnancy, you should pay attention to situations such as skipping meals or having long intervals between mealtime breaks.
- You should consume food every three to four hours during your pregnancy. Healthy and nutritious snacks with adequate rest are key to a healthy pregnancy.
- It is advisable to store snacks before going to bed, foods rich in starch and protein because protein tends to reduce the absorption of beneficial carbohydrates by making energy that the body acquires for a long time.
- Have a nutritious diet packed with essential minerals. This is a small step towards the health of you and your baby.
- Some amounts of urine ketones during pregnancy are not always a bad sign, but you should try to keep your blood sugar under control and still get advice from your doctor/midwife.