Cavity problems are the most common oral and gum problems. This condition occurs due to poorly maintained dental hygiene, thus becoming a nest of germs and bacteria that can cause serious complications if not treated immediately. In this article, you will find out the signs of tooth infection going to brain, and antibiotics for tooth infection?
What is an infection of the teeth?
Infection of the teeth is sometimes called an abscessed tooth is an event that causes pus sacs caused by bacteria, thus causing infection. This is also called a dental abscess. Periapical infections occur at the root end, while periodontal infections occur in the gums on the root side of the tooth.
Causes of Dental Infection
The cause of infection of the teeth is the direct growth of bacteria from cavities inside soft tissues and facial and neck bones.
Teeth can become infected because they have not received dental treatment, resulting in infection. Rarely clean the mouth, such as rarely brushing your teeth.
The disorder can also occur if the person has bad habits, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, having a poor diet, and due to medical conditions, as well as certain medications, can cause cavities. The infection can then spread to the gums and surrounding areas, resulting in a dental infection.
What does a dental abscess start from?
Dental abscesses can start from cavities, which are characterized by the appearance of gray, brown, or black stains on the teeth. This stain is a line or point that will get wider and wider. If left untreated, bacteria enter the tooth hole and infect the pulp, resulting in an abscess forming around the tooth bone.
Untreated dental abscesses spread into the tissues immediately, causing swelling of the tooth bones and face. This condition results in shortness of breath, difficulty swallowing, even death due to infection of the tissues.
Indeed, cases of cavities ending in death are rare, but that is not impossible. Complications that lead to death can occur when the infection that causes the appearance of abscesses has spread to parts of the brain.
Signs of tooth infection going to the brain
Signs and symptoms of a dental abscess include:
- Pain that arises when biting or when touching the affected area.
- Sensitivity to cold or hot food and liquids.
- Difficulty opening the mouth.
- Difficulty swallowing.
The main symptom caused by dental infection is pain. This may be a throbbing and often intense pain.
The pain usually starts suddenly and becomes more intense over the next few hours or days. In some cases, the pain can spread to the ears, jawbone, and neck.
Can dental infections be cured?
The gum abscess cannot heal on its own and requires treatment from the dentist. Before going to the doctor, while you can take painkillers, such as paracetamol, to relieve the pain.
Can antibiotics cure a toothache?
The antibiotic drug for toothache commonly prescribed by doctors is the penicillin group. Penicillin and amoxicillin are types of antibiotics that belong to this group. These two antibiotic drugs for toothache work by killing infection-causing bacteria in the body or preventing its growth.
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Antibiotics for tooth infection
One of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics to treat pain or dental infections is amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is an antibiotic which belongs to the penicillin group. The drug works to kill infection-causing bacteria in the body or prevent its growth.
Your doctor may prescribe these antibiotics on their own or combine them with other types of antibiotics. But before taking this medicine, be sure to tell your doctor if you have an allergy to penicillin antibiotics or any type of medication.
Metronidazole belongs to the class of nitroimidazole antibiotics prescribed for certain groups of bacteria. The drug is sometimes given with penicillin-type antibiotics to treat toothache.
Each person may get a different dose of metronidazole. Usually, the dose of the drug is adjusted to the age, health condition, the response of the patient’s body to treatment.
Antibiotics for toothache will work optimally when used regularly as recommended by the doctor. Therefore, take this medicine at the same time every day.
If you feel nauseous, you can take this medicine along with a meal or a glass of milk.
You should not drink alcoholic beverages during drinking metronidazole. Because alcohol can cause problems in the stomach and make your condition worse.
Erythromycin (erythromycin) can be prescribed by a doctor if you have an allergy to penicillin-type antibiotics. This medication belongs to the group of macrolide antibiotics.
Just like antibiotic drugs for another toothache, erythromycin works against and stops the growth of bacteria in the mouth causing a toothache.
This drug should be taken before meals. The reason, this drug will be more easily absorbed when your stomach is empty. However, if you feel nauseous, you can take this medicine while eating or drinking milk.
If penicillin or erythromycin antibiotics are not effective to treat your toothache, your doctor may prescribe clindamycin.
Clindamycin is a drug that belongs to the antibiotic lincomycin group. This drug is often used to treat acne. However, the doctor may also prescribe this drug to treat toothache. The drug is available in many forms, such as capsules, syrups, gels, and lotions.
Take this medicine with a measuring spoon that is available in a box of packaging when the doctor prescribes the drug in the form of syrup. Avoid using regular tablespoons to take this medicine, yes!
Discontinue use of this drug and immediately see a doctor if you experience any serious side effects. Some of these include bloody diarrhea, yellowing of the eyes or skin, difficulty urinating, and severe allergic reactions.
Tetracycline antibiotics drugs can also be used to treat toothache due to gum disease (periodontitis). This drug works optimally when taken on an empty stomach.
Take this drug until it runs out according to the period of consumption that has been prescribed by the doctor. Stopping treatment without your doctor’s permission can make your infection worse.
If you forget one dose and the time distance of taking the next drug is still long, take this drug as soon as possible. However, when it is approaching the time of the next dose, you can skip the forgotten dose and return to the usual drug schedule.
This type of antibiotic toothache has a way of working that can fight various bacteria while stopping its growth. Azithromycin may be effective for treating some dental infections.
However, usually, the doctor will prescribe this type of medication when you have an allergy to antibiotics is penicillin as well as clindamycin. The dosage of each azithromycin is 500 mg every 24 hours and should be consumed for 3 consecutive days.
Not everyone needs antibiotics for toothache
You can’t just take antibiotics to treat toothache. Instead of recovering quickly, improper use of antibiotics makes your condition worse.
It is important to understand that not all dental and oral problems require antibiotic treatment. Generally, antibiotics are needed when:
- You show signs of gum or tooth infection. These include high fever, swelling, inflammation, and abscesses in the affected part of the tooth.
- The disease has spread to different areas of the human body.
- You have a weakened immune system. Either because of age or have a certain medical history. For example, cancer, AIDS/ HIV, diabetes, and so on.
- Before prescribing antibiotics, your doctor will check the condition of your mouth first. Your doctor will observe your teeth, gums, and oral cavity thoroughly.
- During the examination, the doctor will usually ask about your medical history and your brushing habits.
- Ensure that you tell your physician about your medical record. One of them is if you have a history of allergies to certain types of antibiotics.
- Besides, tell the doctor also about the medicines that are being taken regularly every day. Including vitamins, dietary supplements, prescription drugs from doctors, over-the-counter medicines, to herbal remedies.
How to deal with a dental abscess
The doctor suggests several ways to treat dental abscesses. First, by creating a canal leading to the root of the tooth. The lower part of the tooth will be drilled so that the doctor can remove the soft tissue that is the center of infection and dry the abscess. That way, the infection can be cured and the teeth can be saved.
Another way that can be done by drying the abscess is done through a small incision made on the lump. Then, pus will be removed from the lump.
Doctors usually give antibiotics if the infection spreads to other teeth. The administration of antibiotics is done to stop the spread of bacteria.
However, if the infection is severe and the tooth cannot be saved, the doctor will remove the infected tooth. After that, it will be done drying the abscess. So, do not trivialize cavities, because the risk of complications caused is quite dangerous to safety.